Plug-in Light Duty/Heavy Duty Vehicles and Buses



Plug-in light duty vehicles are hybrids with high capacity batteries that can be charged by plugging them into an electrical outlet or charging station. Plug-in hybrid light-duty trucks can provide a much better fuel economy in urban applications than traditional gasoline or diesel trucks. They are used in applications such as delivery vans/trucks, shuttles, minibuses, and utility/maintenance vehicles.

Because most commercial vehicle operators keep their trucks far longer and put far more miles on them, those miles will cost less based on the lower cost of electricity and lower maintenance costs associated with plug-in vehicles. There are a wide range of applications including bucket trucks, compressors, dump trucks, mobile cranes, mobile shredders, refrigeration trucks, refuse trucks, septic trucks, and tanker trucks.

Plug-in buses are a new upcoming technology, with only a couple products on the market. Their applications include school buses, shuttle buses, and transit buses. New developments in the industry are coming out allowing buses to use up to 70% less fuel than a similarly equipped conventional bus, reduce carbon dioxide emissions by up to 40%, nitrogen oxide by as much as 20% and particulate matter by as much as 30%. For example, the Volvo 7900 can run in electric mode up to 75% of the time, which also leads to significant noise reduction. [1]